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Teachers' blog

2016年5月16日(月)

【Automation And The Future Of Our Jobs】   *要点説明あり

Theme:Will, 生活

Will
 
(Contributed by Will)
 

It’s probably not long before we see self-driving (automated) cars on the roads of our towns and cities around the world. Indeed, it’s estimated that in the next ten years, the transportation of goods on roads will be almost entirely done by self-driving trucks and other automated vehicles. On top of that, we’ve seen many industries ‘opt for’ automated/robotic machinery and services over human workers for decades now. What does this all mean for the future of jobs and ‘job security’?
 

Many people believe that automating everything from cars, to factories to offices will naturally lead to mass unemployment, and will therefore ‘cripple’ our economic system. Others believe it will make people more free than they’ve ever been before. I read a quote recently in which someone proclaimed that in the future we will understand that ‘working is for robots and living is for humans’ – meaning that without jobs to go to, we can simply spend our time exactly how we’d like.
 

But what of our income? How will people be expected to ‘provide for themselves’ without an income from a job? That’s where the ideas of a ‘Guaranteed Minimum Income’ or a ‘Universal Basic Income’ come in.
 

A ‘guaranteed minimum income’ is an income that is provided to a country’s citizens as ‘welfare’ as long as people meet certain requirements, like the ability to work or do community service of some kind. The ‘universal basic income’ is far more appealing and attractive as the only requirement for getting it is to be a legal citizen. That would mean the government would ‘ostensibly’ give you money for nothing, allowing you to live a supposedly freer lifestyle.
 

So, perhaps our future is a ‘tantalizing’ one where the hardest, most demanding jobs are done by robots, computers or other automated systems and humans are free to spend their guaranteed income however they please – a future I personally think is worth working towards!
 
 

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《要点》
 

【仕事はロボットに任せて、人間は自由に生活する社会がやってくる】
 

・今後10年間に、道路運送のほとんどが自動運転のトラックや自動車にとって代わるそうです。
 また、これまで多くの産業で人の作業が自動化され、ロボットに代替されててきました。
・自動化によって大量失業の発生を懸念する人もいます。
 逆に、仕事はロボットにまかせて、人間は自由に生きるようになると主張する人もいます。
・でも、仕事もしないでどうやって生活の糧となる収入を得るのでしょうか。
 そこで登場するのが最低保証収入という考え方です。
・これはある国の国民が最低の条件を満たすことを条件に福祉としてお金が提供されるものです。
 さらに、国民であればすべてお金が提供されるという強力な制度も構想されています。
・将来、最もきつい、困難な仕事はロボットやコンピュータ、自動システムによって行われ、
 人間は保証された収入を自由に使えるという社会が到来するかもしれません。
・個人的にこんな日が実現するのがとても楽しみです。

 
以上の要点はバーチャル英会話教室運営事務局により作成しております。

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