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【Some World Heritage Sites in the United Kingdom】        *要点説明あり

(Contributed by Karl)
There are 30 UNESCO Heritage Sites in the United Kingdom, twenty-three properties are designated as cultural, four as natural, and one as mixed. Here are some of places I have seen over the years, some by chance and others I planned to see.
Forth Bridge Edinburgh
Karl WH1
The Forth Bridge is a cantilever railway bridge over the Firth of Forth in the east of Scotland, 9 miles (14 kilometres) west of Edinburgh City Centre. It is considered an iconic structure and a symbol of Scotland
(cantilever = a long bar that is fixed at only one end to a vertical support and is used to hold a structure such as an arch, bridge, or shelf in position)
Royal Botanical Gardens – Kew
Karl WH2
Created in 1759, the influential Kew Gardens were designed by Charles Bridgeman, William Kent, Capability Brown, and William Chambers. The gardens were used to study botany and ecology and furthered the understanding of the subjects.
Stonehenge, Avebury
Karl WH3
The Neolithic sites of Avebury and Stonehenge are two of the largest and most famous megalithic monuments in the world. They relate to man’s interaction with his environment. The purpose of the henges has been a source of speculation, with suggestions ranging from ceremonial to interpreting the cosmos. (Neolithic/or stone age=relating to the period when humans used tools and weapons made of stone and had just developed farming)
(megalithic = a large stone, sometimes forming part of a group or circle, thought to have been important to people in the Stone Age for social or religious reasons.)
Tower of London
Karl WH4
Begun by William the Conqueror in 1066 during the Norman conquest of England, the Tower of London is a symbol of power and an example of Norman military architecture that spread across England.
Frontiers of the Roman Empire
Karl WH5
Hadrian’s Wall was built in 122 AD and the Antonine Wall was constructed in 142 AD to defend the Roman Empire from “barbarians.” The World Heritage Site was previously listed as Hadrian’s Wall alone, but was later expanded to include the Antonine Wall in Scotland and the barriers, walls and forts in modern Germany. This was amazing to see. Petty it was raining. Well, UK weather is unpredictable.
Pontcysyllte Aqueduct and Canal
Karl WH6
The aqueduct was built to carry the Ellesmere Canal over the Dee Valley. Completed during the Industrial Revolution and designed by Thomas Telford, the aqueduct made innovative use of cast and wrought iron, influencing civil engineering across the world.
Wrexham, Wales (aqueduct=a structure for carrying water across land, especially one like a high bridge with many arches that carries pipes or a canal across a valley)
City of Bath Bath, Somerset, England
Karl WH7
Founded by the Romans as a spa, an important centre of the wool industry in the medieval period, and a spa town in the 18th century. Bath has a varied history. The city is preserved for its Roman remains 
One day I would love to visit Japan. I have learned a lot about it from students and the lesson slides. It is on my bucket list of things to do, but as you know it is about having time and money. Got the time but not the money, got the money but not the time….


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